|Population:||771,608 (165th Rank)|
|Size:||38,394 km² (136th Largest)|
|Density:||20 per Km2|
|National flower:||Blue Poppy|
|National dish:||Ema Datshi|
Nestled in the Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan is the only country in the world that measures its success through Gross National Happiness (GNH) instead of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The GNH index focuses on sustainable development and the well-being of its citizens.
The national sport of Bhutan is archery, which holds a significant cultural role. Traditional archery competitions are frequently organized, and they often include festivities with music and dance.
Bhutan is unique in its approach to tourism, adopting a “high value, low impact” policy. Tourists must pay a daily fee that includes accommodation, food, and a guide, which helps to control visitor numbers and minimize their environmental and cultural impact.
The country has never been colonized and has maintained its sovereignty throughout history. Bhutan transitioned from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy in 2008, preserving its rich cultural heritage while embracing democratic governance.
Bhutan is a carbon-negative country, absorbing more carbon dioxide than it emits. Its constitution mandates that at least 70% of its land remains forested, making it a global leader in environmental conservation.