Colombian national flag
Region:South America
Population:50,882,891 (29th Rank)
Size:1,141,748 km² (26th Largest)
Density:46 per Km2
Currency:Colombian peso
National flower:orchid Cattleya trianae
National dish:Bandeja Paisa

Quick Facts

Biodiversity Hotspot: Colombia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, ranking second only to Brazil. It’s home to various ecosystems ranging from Amazonian rainforests to Andean highlands, making it a haven for plant and animal species.

Cultural Heritage: Colombia has a rich cultural tapestry that includes influences from indigenous peoples, as well as Spanish, African, and Arab communities. This diversity is reflected in its music genres like cumbia and vallenato, as well as in its vibrant festivals like Carnaval de Barranquilla.

Coffee Capital: Colombia is famous for producing some of the finest coffee in the world. The country’s coffee-growing region, known as the Coffee Triangle, has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site due to its cultural and natural significance.

Emeralds Galore: Colombia is one of the world’s leading producers of emeralds. The country’s mines, particularly those in the Muzo region, are renowned for producing gemstones of exceptional quality and color.

Nobel Laureate: One of Colombia’s most celebrated figures is Gabriel García Márquez, a Nobel Prize-winning author known for seminal works like “One Hundred Years of Solitude.” His magical realism style has left an indelible impact on literature.

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