El Salvador

El Salvadori natonal flag
Region:Central America
Capital:San Salvador
Population:6,486,205 (112th Rank)
Size:21,041  km² (152th Largest)
Density:313 per Km2
Currency:US dollar and Bitcoin
National flower:Izote
National dish:Pupusas

Quick Facts

Historical Inception: El Salvador gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. Before Spanish colonization, the territory was inhabited by the Olmecs, followed by the Mayans, and later taken over by the Toltec Empire​.

Geographical Footprint: Known as the smallest country by land area in Central America, El Salvador is densely populated, with 310 people per square kilometer. Its size doesn’t deter its populous nature, making it the most densely populated country on the mainland of the Americas, exceeded only by some Caribbean island nations​.

Vibrant Flag Symbolism: The national flag of El Salvador is adorned with volcanoes, reflecting the country’s volcanic landscape. The two blue stripes on the flag represent the Atlantic and Pacific oceans bordering Central America, while the white stripe symbolizes peace​.

Natural Beauty: Often referred to as “The Little Thumb of America,” El Salvador boasts a breathtaking Pacific Ocean coastline. The country is also known as the land of volcanoes, which is a testament to its dramatic volcanic landscape​.

Economic Evolution: Traditionally, El Salvador was an agricultural hub, heavily reliant on coffee exports. However, by the end of the 20th century, a shift occurred, leading to the domination of the service sector in the economy​.

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Credit: Geology.com