|Population:||273,523,615 (4th Rank)|
|Size:||1,904,569 km² (15th Largest)|
|Density:||151 per Km2|
|National flower:||Moon Orchid, Melati, Rafflesia|
|National dish:||Nasi goreng|
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, consisting of over 17,000 islands. Among these are major islands like Java, Sumatra, and Bali, each with its own unique landscape and cultural traits.
The Komodo dragon, the world’s largest lizard, is native to Indonesia. Specifically, it’s found in the Komodo National Park, which includes a group of islands such as Komodo, Rinca, and Padar.
Indonesia is incredibly ethnically diverse, boasting over 300 different ethnic groups and more than 700 languages spoken across its islands. This diversity is reflected in its rich tapestry of cultures, traditions, and cuisines.
The country is home to the world’s third-largest area of tropical rainforest, after the Amazon and the Congo. These rainforests are biodiverse and contain a plethora of unique flora and fauna, including the endangered orangutan.
Indonesia is known for its traditional art forms, including batik, a method of dyeing cloth using wax to create intricate patterns. Batik is so culturally significant that it was designated as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2009.